A research proposal is similar to a project proposal except that it focuses on one particular aspect of academic or scientific research. The guidelines for research proposals are very formal. The proposal must be written with exact criteria and procedures that have been defined by the field of study. Proposals contain literature reviews, a rationale for the proposed research and detail the methodology for conducting the research. The methodology should follow the standard defined
by the field of study.
A Basic Proposal Outline: Introduction Topic area Research question Significance to knowledge Literature review Previous research others & yours Interlocking findings and Unanswered questions Your preliminary work on the topic The remaining questions and inter-locking logic Reprise of your research question(s) in this context Methodology Approach Data needs Analytic techniques Plan for interpreting results Expected results Budget Bibliography (or References)
Primary Sources are directly taken from an individual or group of individuals, while secondary sources take information from an individual or group and analyze the topic. In simple terms, primary sources come firsthand from the source or person. Some primary sources are diaries, court records, interviews, emails, letters, films, short stories, plays, poems, photographs, court cases, journal articles, newspaper events, and speeches. For example, a speech by President Obama would be a primary source.
Secondary sources are sources that are written about primary sources. If a magazine writer wrote about a speech President Obama gave, it would be a secondary source. The information is not original, but it is an analysis of the speech. Many secondary sources are used to argue someone's thesis or main points about a topic.
Research studies about experiments and information that has been stated but not interpreted is a primary source. Sometimes a source can be a primary source in one journal article and a secondary source in another journal article. It depends upon the relationship the writer has in the journal article. If the writer has been an active part of the research and custom-writes about it then this is a primary source. If the writer writes about research done by others then this writing will be a secondary source.