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Neuroscience Resource Guide: Course Outlines

Dr. Smith's Spring 2015 course

Content Outline

I. Introduction to Neuroscience

                A.  Neuroscience defined

1.  (When the term ‘neuroscience’ emerged)

2. Society for Neuroscience development and role in advancing Neuroscience

3. Why is neuroscience an important topic?

4. Neuroscience and Allied Health (examples of Allied Health journals applying neuroscience to    

their practice)

B. History of Neuroscience (brief biography, photos, relevant animations, and impact on the development of Neuroscience)

                                1. Hippocrates

                                2. Plato

                                3. Aristotle

                                4. Herophilus of Chalcedon and Erasistratus

                                5. Galen

                                6. Andreas Vesalius

                                7. Rene Descartes

                                8. John Locke (I had problems searching for information on this British philosopher) 

                                9. Luigi Galvani

                                10. Franz Gall

                                11. Pierre Flourens

                                12.  Paul Broca

                                13. Wilder Penfield

                                14.  Santiago Ramon-y-Cajal

                                15. Charles Sherrington

                C. Tools used in Neuroscience (include relevant articles that show these tools being used especially in traditional medicine, physical therapy, speech therapy, sleep studies, occupational therapy). 

                                1. Direct Imaging Techniques

                                                a. EEG

                                                                i. Principles

                                                                ii. Picture of the old and current EEG

                                                                iii. Physiology behind the EEG

                                                b. Indirect Imaging Techniques 

                                                                i. PET & fMRI

                                                                ii. Photos of instruments

                                                                iii. Principles

 

 

Chapter Summary (I will write).

Practice Quizzes (I can write and we can find available quizzes).

Application Questions (I will write).

Link to relevant animations.

 

II. Basic Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology

                A. Nervous System

                                1.  Central nervous system (Brain + Spinal cord)  

                                                (Picture of the brain and spinal cord attached)

                                                Picture of the brain (divisions) – cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem

Protection:  (meninges, CSF, cranial cavity)

 

 

 

 

                Terms                                    

Gyrus, gyrui

Hypothalamus

Sulcus, sulci

Tracts

Basal ganglia

Commissural fibers

Cranial nerves  (12 pairs)

Tectum

Cerebral cortex

Tegmentum

Pons

Limbic system

Medulla oblongata

Substantia nigra

Thalamus

Pons

 

                                                Picture of the spinal cord (divisions) – cervical, thoracic etc.

                                                                                                Cross sectional pictures of the brain stem, spinal cord,

                                                                                                Brain.

 

                                2. Peripheral nervous system

(From spinal cord to skeletal muscle – neuromuscular junctions)

(From spinal cord to smooth muscle)

(From spinal cord to cardiac muscle)

 

                B. Neurons

                                1. Building block of nervous system

                                2. Anatomy

                                3.  Types of neurons

                                4. Supporting neurons (glial cells)

                                5. Action potential

                C. Neurotransmitters

                                1.  What is a neurotransmitter?

                                2.  How does a neurotransmitter work?

                                3. Reading literature on neurotransmitters

                                4. Classification of Neurotransmitters

                                5. Neurotransmitter and Action Potentials

                                5.  IPSP and EPSP

                                6. Summation, Twitch, Treppe

 

                D.  Parts of the Brain and Neurotransmitters

                                Frontal Lobe – (functions, neurotransmitters, and neurons in this area)

                                Parietal Lobe – same as above

                                Temporal Lobe – same as above

                                Occipital Lobe – same as above

                               

                E.  Pharmacology and Neurotransmission

                                Principles of Pharmacology (pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics)

                                We will need to include practice problems. 

                                (Great animations from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-Qtd6RhfVA)

                               

                                Overview of Drug Classes (very brief and simply the key points)

                                                a. Will write this section (include inhibitory and excitatory drugs)

 

III. Lifespan Changes in the Nervous System

                A. Germ Layers (endoderm, ectoderm, and mesoderm)

                                1. Description

                                2. Pictures

                                3. Animation

                B. what is the neural tube

                C. Neurulation

                D. Embryology of the Spinal Cord

                E. Development and role of the meninges (link to chapter on brain – section discussing the role of the meninges)